How do Brazilians remember their history and what do they want for their future?
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First edition. 2016.

Brazil is the largest country in South America and plays an increasingly important role in the world, yet for many it remains an exotic, far away place. Brazil: A History of Change draws students into an often surprising and overlooked history. Like the United States, Brazil was colonized, gained its independence, and eventually overshadowed its colonizer. Like the United States, Brazil is a country of immigrants with a history of slavery that shaped its growth and affects it to the present day. Brazil: A History of Change helps students see Brazil as a unique, dynamic country with an important history, diverse culture, and its own path of development.

Readings

Brazil: A History of Change gives students an overview of Brazil’s history and traces its legacies through the present. Part I focuses on the colonial era and the role of slavery and abolition in shaping Brazil. Part II examines the birth of the republic, the vast influx of immigrants, and the era of military rule. Part III explores how Brazilians have reclaimed their democracy after the end of military rule.

LESSONS

The Geography of Brazil

Students familiarize themselves with Brazil and its neighbors, significant cities, and landmarks on a map. They then work together to explore images of Brazil and identify issues and themes for inquiry.

Reading History: Slavery in Brazil

Students use primary sources to develop an understanding of the institution of slavery in colonial Brazil and issues of race within the Brazilian empire.

The Brazillian Flag and the Republic

Students analyze proposed versions of Brazil's national flag and consider various viewpoints about Brazil's future.

Film Analysis: Repression and Resistance During Military Rule

After watching a documentary about a family's experience of repression, resistance, and torture during Brazil's military dictatorship, students consider how personal stories contribute to historical understanding.

The Choices Role Play

Students work cooperatively using primary sources to present three options Brazilians debated in 1984 about the future of democracy in their country.

Racial Identity in Brazil

Students examine a Brazilian painting, the racial categories in the 1976 and 1990 Brazilian censuses, and consider issues of racial and ethnic identity in Brazil.

Get to Know Influential Brazilians

Students gain familiarity with the lives, ideas, and aspirations of a range of Brazilians from various historical eras and analyze their ideas and actions in their historical context.

Analyzing a Brazillian Song

Students analyze the music and lyrics of a Brazilian song and then create a music map. They consider the meaning of the song and the political power of music.

Assessment Using Documents

Students analyze primary and secondary sources and then answers questions about Brazil's Amnesty Law of 1979, the work of its National Truth Commission between 2011-2014, and the lingering effects of Brazil's military dictatorship.
VIDEOS
How did regional identities develop in Brazil?
How did the abolition of slavery affect Brazil?
Which groups organized to end military rule in Brazil?
What are some of the biggest challenges facing Brazil today?
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MATERIALS

Supplemental Resources

Additional reference material for added context and support.

WEB LINKS
A blog by Professor Colin Snider with profiles of interesting and important Brazilians throughout history.
Interactive text, video, and radio connect historical events to the development of Samba in Brazil.
Interactive text and video explore the idea and history of race in Brazil.
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