Objectives: Students will: Analyze photographs documenting U.S. foreign aid programs. Understand the variety of ways U.S. foreign aid is used. Consider the benefits and limitations of using photographs as a source for learning about foreign aid. Resources Handout—Looking at U.S. Foreign Aid Powerpoint—Looking at Foreign Aid Note: This lesson requires access to the internet for […]
What should drive U.S. decisions about foreign aid?
Fifth edition. October 2013.
Why does the United States provide foreign aid to other countries? Is it to help the world’s poor, or does aid promote other U.S. policy objectives? In Dilemmas of Foreign Aid: Debating U.S. Policies, students explore the history of U.S. foreign assistance and the institutions that distribute aid today. Readings, case studies, and primary sources prepare students to consider the trade-offs of foreign aid and articulate their own views on the future direction of U.S. policy.
The readings prepare students to thoughtfully consider the policy choices facing the United States. Part I covers the historical context of foreign aid policy and the domestic and international institutions involved. Part II examines four case studies that highlight the types of foreign aid—humanitarian, military and security, economic, and development—and the dilemmas that can arise when the U.S. provides assistance to other countries.
Data Analysis: Tracking the Millennium Development GoalsStudents compare global and regional statistics on extreme poverty levels to assess the progress made toward reaching the first Millennium Development Goal, to reduce extreme global poverty.
Contradictions of U.S. Aid Policy During the Cold WarUsing the Alliance for Progress in El Salvador as a case study, students analyze foreign aid policy during the Cold War and evaluate the impact of the Alliance for Progress.
Considering the Impact of U.S. PolicyIn groups, students draw upon information from the four case studies (food insecurity in the Sahel, Plan Colombia, the Greek debt crisis, and HIV/AIDS) to create posters that illustrate different perspectives on U.S. foreign aid policy.
Role-Playing the Three OptionsStudents work cooperatively in groups to present different U.S. policy options to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate, and consider the implications of these policies for aid recipients.
Joining the Debate on U.S. PolicyArmed with the historical knowledge and a sense of their own values, students articulate their own option for U.S. foreign aid policy and apply their policy recommendations to four country profiles: Malawi, Egypt, Indonesia, and Haiti.
PowerPoint of graphs used in the Day 1 lesson, “Data Analysis: Tracking the Millennium Development Goals”
Slideshow to be used with the Day 2 lesson, “Considering the Impact of U.S. Policy”
Videos to be used with the, “Data Analysis: Tracking the Millennium Development Goals”
Additional reference material for added context and support.