Objectives In this lesson, students will Explore their perceptions of women in Iran. Gather information from scholarly videos about women living in Iran. Practice note-taking skills. Consider the possible effects of perceptions on international relations. Resources Envisioning Iran This graphic organizer will help students record information from the opening class activity and from the videos. […]
Why did Iran become an Islamic republic in 1979?
Third edition. May 2012.
In 1978, millions of Iranians risked their lives to protest against the shah. Marching in the streets, Iranians sought to end repressive rule, bring justice and opportunity to Iranians, and rid Iran of the influence of foreign powers – particularly the United States. But Iranians were not unified about how to achieve these goals. Nor were they sure what kind of government they wanted. With the departure of the shah in January 1979, a tremendous struggle began for the future of Iran.
Iran Through the Looking Glass: History, Reform, and Revolution traces the history of Iran and then engages students in the choices considered during this period debate and uncertainty. Students explore Iran’s cultural history, its efforts to establish a representative democracy in the twentieth century, and the role the great powers played in shaping events in Iran.
Three readings trace the history of Iran from its early dynasties to the present. Part I explores the origins of the values of social and economic justice that shaped Iranian political life. Part II examines the period from the end of World War II to the 1979 revolution. Students consider the origins of upheaval and change in Iran during this period. A final reading surveys the Islamic Republic of Iran since 1979, and helps students to understand the significance of the Iranian Revolution.
Iran's Constitutional Revolution: 1906-1911Students examine documents and sources surrounding the Constitutional Revolution.
Iranian Oil NationalizationStudents explore the points of view of the parties involved in the Oil Nationalization Movement led by Mohammad Mossadegh.
U.S. Documents of the 1953 CoupStudents analyze classified U.S. documents and newspaper articles on the 1953 coup.
Role Playing the Three OptionsStudents participate in a simulation in which they assume the roles of Iranians at Tehran University debating their future.
Charting Iran's Political ClimateStudents chart Iran's swings between representative and authoritarian politics during the twentieth century.
Human Rights in IranStudents consider human rights in Iran under the shah and today.
Achaemenian Empire at its Height, Iran Today and British and Russian Spheres of Influence in Iran
This outlines major government institutions, their roles, and relationship to each other.
A highly redacted history written by the CIA in 1998.
The summary of 1953 coup written in 1954 by a CIA historian.
for 1953 Coup This document is transcribed in the Teacher Resource Book. It is available here in its original form.
Top Secret Report, November 20, 1952, is excerpted in the Teacher Resource Book. It is available here in full unedited form.
Additional reference material for added context and support.
Cleveland, William. A History of the Modern Middle East (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000). 585 Pages.
Bill, James A. The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988). 520 pages.
Keddie, Nicki R. Modern Iran: Roots and Results of a Revolution (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006). 408 pages.
Kinzer, Stephen. All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror (Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2003). 258 pages.
Gheissari, Ali and Vali Nasr. Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006) 214 pages.
Mottahedeh, Roy. The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1985). 416 pages.