All Choices curriculum units include extensive background readings, primary sources, a framework of policy options, rigorous student-centered lesson plans, and a role-play exercise that encourages students to apply their knowledge in an authentic setting.
List of All Titles
The United States in Afghanistan
Students use primary source documents, readings, and new media sources as they consider the future of U.S. policy in Afghanistan.
A More Perfect Union: American Independence and the Constitution
Using primary sources, role-play, and simulations, students examine the context in which the U.S. Constitution was framed.
Brazil: From Colony to Democracy
Students explore the choices Brazilians faced as their country transitioned to democracy in the mid-1980s and examine historical forces that informed debate.
China on the World Stage: Weighing the U.S. Response
Using readings, documents, statistics, and simulations, students explore the history of U.S. relations with China and consider the global impact of China's transformation.
Freedom Now: The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi
Students trace the history of the black freedom struggle from Reconstruction through the 1960s.
The Origins of the Cold War: U.S. Choices after World War II
Drawing on primary sources, statistics, a timeline, and selected biographies, students engage in the national debate on the U.S. role in the world in 1946.
Contesting Cuba's Past and Future
Readings, and simulations, and primary sources help students step into the shoes of ordinary Cubans to consider Cuba's future in the post-Castro era.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis: Considering its Place in Cold War History
Using primary sources, students explore the dynamics of the Cold War and step into the shoes of President Kennedy's ExComm during the crisis.
Global Environmental Problems: Implications for U.S. Policy
Drawing on primary sources, graphs, readings, and simulations, students assess global environmental problems and possible solutions.
Dilemmas of Foreign Aid: Debating U.S. Policies
Readings, speeches, statistics, case studies and simulations enable students to examine U.S. aid policy and explore the ethical dilemmas faced by policy makers.
The French Revolution
Using readings, primary sources, role-plays, and simulations, students consider the issues facing France at a time of social and political upheaval.
Confronting Genocide: Never Again?
Through case studies and primary sources, students trace the international community's response to genocide and consider how to respond in the future.
The Haitian Revolution
Readings, primary sources, maps, simulations, and a digital timeline enable students to explore the history of Haiti and consider the legacies of the revolution.
Ending the War Against Japan: Science, Morality, and the Atomic Bomb
Through readings and simulations, students explore the political, military, and ethical issues involved in the decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan.
Competing Visions of Human Rights: Questions for U.S. Policy
Students use readings, case studies, and primary sources to examine the role human rights has played in international politics.
U.S. Immigration Policy in an Unsettled World
Drawing on statistics, speeches, and commission reports, students examine the historical and current dimensions of immigration policy from multiple perspectives.
Beyond Manifest Destiny: America Enters the Age of Imperialism
Readings, primary sources, and simulations enable students to probe the political and ethical issues raised by the Spanish-American War.
Indian Independence and the Question of Pakistan
Using readings, primary sources, maps, and simulations, students examine the origins of independence and its legacy today.
International Trade: Competition and Cooperation in a Globalized World
Drawing on readings, statistics, and simulations, students explore the basics of international trade and consider its role in this era of globalization.
Iran Through the Looking Glass: History, Reform, and Revolution
Using readings and primary sources, students trace the history of Iran, explore the conditions that led to the 1979 revolution, and consider the legacy today.
A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq
Students recreate the debate surrounding the decision to go to war, assess the war's impact in the United States, Iraq, and beyond.
Between World Wars: FDR and the Age of Isolationism
Using maps, transcripts, audio, photos, statistics, timelines, and simulations, students examine the inter-war years and recreate the American debate over the Lend-Lease Act.
League of Nations Debate
To End All Wars: World War I and the League of Nations Debate
Using readings, primary sources, and simulations, students explore the causes and effects of World War I at home and abroad.
Caught Between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads
Readings, maps, artwork, documents, and simulations enable students to see the world through Mexican eyes and to contemplate current Mexican policy choices.
The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy
Drawing on maps, cartoons, and primary sources, students examine the history of U.S. involvement in the Middle East from 1900 to the present.
The Challenge of Nuclear Weapons
Students use readings, primary sources, and simulations to examine the history of nuclear weapons, explore arguments for and against them, and consider current challenges.
Russia's Transformation: Challenges for U.S. Policy
Using readings, maps, cartoons, and primary sources, students explore Russian history and consider the U.S. relationship with Russia today.
The Russian Revolution
Using readings, speeches, political reports, art, music, statistics, maps, and simulations, students explores events leading up to the Bolsheviks' assumption of power.
A Forgotten History: The Slave Trade and Slavery in New England
With readings, letters, maps, statistics, and simulations, students explore the triangular trade and the nature of slavery in New England.
Freedom in Our Lifetime: South Africa's Struggle
Using primary sources, and simulations, students consider the issues faced by opponents of apartheid and recreate the debate among South Africans in 1961.
Responding to Terrorism: Challenges for Democracy
With readings, primary sources, statistics, cartoons, and case studies, students prepare for a debate in the U.S. Senate on the response to terrorism.
U.S. Role in the World
The U.S. Role in a Changing World
Readings, primary sources, political cartoons, maps, statistics, and simulations draw students into the promise and uncertainty of the modern era.
The United Nations: Challenges and Change
Using primary sources, charts, case studies, and simulations, students examine the historical origins of the UN and consider its role in the world today from multiple perspectives.
The Limits of Power: The United States in Vietnam
Using maps, cartoons, and primary sources, students evaluate how successive U.S. administrations perceived the situation in Vietnam, and implemented policy.
War of 1812
Challenge to the New Republic: The War of 1812
Students use primary sources and readings to immerse themselves in the struggle to establish the new federal government's role in foreign policy.
Weimar Germany and the Rise of Hitler
Using political posters, songs, art and literature as well as laws and speeches, students recreate the moment of the Reichstag elections in July 1932 and consider its legacy.
Westward Expansion: A New History
Students use readings, primary sources, and an in-depth case study to explore U.S. westward expansion from multiple perspectives.
The Fog of War
The official Teacher's Guide for the Academy Award winning documentary, The Fog of War. This provocative movie by the filmmaker Errol Morris examines issues of war and peace in the twentieth century through the lens of one of the century's pivotal figures. Robert McNamara offers his account of the century just past, as he remembers participating in it, as well as his reflections on its meaning for the twenty-first century.
The Official Teacher's Guide to Virtual JFK
This guide is designed to help students think about complex issues raised by Virtual JFK. The film investigates one of the most debated "what if" scenarios in the history of U.S. foreign policy: What would President John F. Kennedy have done in Vietnam if he had not been assassinated in 1963, and had he been elected in 1964? The story takes place in the midst of the Cold War and tempestuous partisan politics in the United States.
The Choices Program has developed the Teacher's Guide for Secrecy, a documentary by Peter Galison and Robb Moss. The film explores the tensions between our safety as a nation and our ability to function as a democracy.
The Choices Program has developed a study guide for the film Torturing Democracy. This film, tells the inside story of how the U.S. government adopted the Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) program techniques as official policy in the aftermath of 9/11.