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Supplemental Materials include PowerPoint maps and graphic organizers to accompany the printed unit, online lessons that supplement the unit, links to additional online resources from the Choices Program, links to resources on other sites, and a list of recommended print resources.
The Haitian Revolution
In the late eighteenth century, enslaved people in Saint-Domingue, the French colony that became Haiti, rose up against their colonial masters and gained their freedom and independence. Haiti became the first fully free society in the Atlantic world and the second independent nation in the Americas (after the United States). Understanding the Haitian Revolution is crucial to understanding the course of world history and the history of the Americas. It is also essential to understanding Haiti today. Through readings, maps, digital activities, and simulations, students consider the development of the American colonial world and the legacies of the only successful slave revolt in the history of the world.
Students explore Hispaniola's precolonial past and the development of one of the greatest wealth-producing colonies in world history. They also consider the different groups involved in the conflict in Saint-Domingue and their motivations. The readings draw connections between events in Europe and the Americas, and reflect on the Revolution's legacies for the region and the world.
The Choices Role Play
This central activity helps students consider the future of Saint-Domingue in 1801, at a point when slavery had been abolished but Saint-Domingue was still a French colony. Students explore the viewpoints being considered both in Saint-Domingue and in France, and consider the effects of decisions made on both sides of the Atlantic on the course of the Revolution.
Mapping European Colonization of the Americas
Students explore the geography of the Americas during European colonialism and understand how the changing political geography of the Americas affected events on Hispaniola.
Enslaved People's Experiences
Taking on the role of fictional characters, students step into the shoes of enslaved people at the start of the revolt in 1791 to consider the choices that individuals made at the time.
Digital Timeline: Europe and Saint-Domingue
Students consider the relationship between events in Europe and events in Saint-Domingue by exploring an online, interactive timeline.
Role-Playing the Options
Students work cooperatively using primary sources to present the two options people supported in Saint-Domingue and the two options considered in France for Saint-Domingue's future in 1801. Additional groups represent the views of individuals in Saint-Domingue or in France at the time.
What is Freedom?
By exploring quotes and prioritizing different elements of freedom, students consider the meaning of 'freedom' both for themselves and for people in Saint-Domingue during the Revolution.
Mapping Independence and Abolition in the Americas
Using maps, students explore the progression of abolition and independence movements in the Americas and connect historical events to present-day American geography.
The Haitian Revolution Today
This online lesson helps students consider how Haitians today think about the Revolution through art, music, and literature.