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Supplemental Materials

Supplemental Materials includes online resources to accompany the printed unit, links to resources on other sites, and a list of recommended print resources.

Videos

These videos, produced by the Choices Program, bring university scholars into secondary level classrooms. They are designed to be used along with printed curriculum materials.

Brazil

Brazil: From Colony to Democracy

Second edition.

Overview

Facing legacies of colonialism, slavery, and dictatorship, Brazil's history is one of profound social, racial, and political inequalities. Many of these historical forces came to a head in 1984 when, after twenty years of a brutal dictatorial regime, new voices emerged in civil society, speaking out on issues of poverty, race, and democracy. Brazil became immersed in a nationwide discussion about the country's past and future involving social movements, religious congregations, and political parties. Brazil: From Colony to Democracy introduces students to some of the historical forces that informed debates at this critical point in Brazil's history.

Readings

Brazil: From Colony to Democracy traces the country's history from Portuguese colonization through democratization. The readings examine this vast history through the lens of economy, inequality, and political leadership. Part I explores Brazil from colonialism to independence. Part II examines the developments in the Brazilian government, economy, and society over the twentieth century. The epilogue discusses Brazil after democratization.

The Choices Role Play

At the center of this curriculum is a simulation in which students assume the roles of Brazilian presenters to the Security Council of the Organization of American States representing four different options for the country's future. The simulation takes place in 1984 and includes several undecided Brazilian citizens who will consider each option group's presentation.

Lessons

Reading History
Students use primary source material to develop a clearer understanding of the institution of slavery in colonial Brazil and issues of race within the Brazilian empire.

Looking at Brazil
Students formulate ideas and hypotheses about contemporary Brazil using selected photographs.

Reflecting on Life Under Dictatorship
Reading selections from newspaper editorials, students evaluate two opposing views on life under dictatorship in Brazil.

Racial Identity in Brazil
Students examine the racial categories in the 1976 and 1990 Brazilian censuses and consider issues of racial and ethnic identity in Brazil.

Role-Playing the Four Options
Students work cooperatively using primary sources to present the four options Brazilians debated in 1984.

Current Issues in Brazil
Students explore case studies about current issues in Brazil and develop proposals to address them. They compare their proposals to the government's course of action.

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