Xu Wenli and the China Democracy Party

prisonXu Wenli spent 16 years in a Chinese prison for his activities as a dissident. He was a leader in the Democracy Wall movement from 1979 to 1981 and helped establish the China Democracy Party in 1998. Mr. Xu's health suffered while in prison. In reaction to his declining condition, international human rights groups, the U.S. ambassador to China, and Western officials called for his release. The Chinese government released him on medical grounds in December 2002.

In the videos below, he describes his imprisonment and his beliefs. There are also suggestions and questions that teachers may adapt for use in their classrooms.

"The Wall"

Begin the class by writing the question "What is a political prisoner?" in the center of the blackboard or on a large piece of paper. Give students 5 minutes to approach the board and write whatever comes to mind, including statements, words, names of famous political prisoners, and questions. Instruct the class to do the exercise in silence. Encourage students to add to each other's postings as well as write their own independent postings.

Viewing Xu Wenli

Have students answer the following questions while watching the videos

Who are you what do you do?

Why were you exiled from China?

You were imprisoned two times by the Chinese government. What were you accused of doing?

After you were released from prison the first time, you continued with political activities. Did you fear being sent back to prison?

In 1998, you helped form the China Democracy Party (CDP). What does the CDP hope to achieve?

Why do you think democracy and human rights are so important?

Should the international community pressure China's government to improve its human rights practices?

Why is it important for high school students to understand what is happening in China?

Questions for discussion

See all of Xu Wenli's videos

This lesson is a supplement to China on the World Stage: Weighing the U.S. Response.