Supplemental Materials

A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq

A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq draws students into the public debate on the U.S. decision to invade Iraq in 2003. Readings and activities provide students with an overview of the history of Iraq, help students understand events surrounding the U.S. led-invasion, and explore the effects of the war on Iraqi society, the United States, and the international community.

Online Resources from the Choices Program

Graphic Organizers

Videos featuring experts—professors, policymakers, journalists, activists, and artists—answering questions that complement the readings and lessons.

Includes six maps that are used in the readings and lessons.

For use with the lesson "Life in Iraq—1932."

“Iraq: 10 years 100 Viewpoints”
Videos by Arte, a public Franco-German TV network. They are for use with the lesson “Personal Stories as Historical Sources.”

Online Lessons

The Iraqi Refugee Crisis
In this lesson students gain an understanding of the causes and scope of the Iraqi refugee crisis.

The Costs of War
In this lesson students explore the human, economic, social, and political costs of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Web Links

Costs of War Project
Provides a comprehensive analysis of the total human, economic, social, and political costs of the Iraq War and the "global war on terrorism." Includes valuable statistics, graphs, and links to scholarly papers.

Frontline: The Lost Year in Iraq
Includes interviews, an interactive timeline, photos, internal CPA documents from the year when the CPA was in charge of Iraq, and an hour-long PBS video special about this topic.

Frontline: The Invasion of Iraq
Includes extensive interviews, a chronology, video clips, photos, and numerous links to documents and further reading.

Global Policy Forum: Iraqi Public Opinion Polls
Public opinion polls in Iraq gathered by the BBC, ABC, and NHK news programs.


Cleveland, William L., and Martin P. Bunton. A History of the Modern Middle East. Sixth edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2016.

Ehrenberg, John J., and Marji Sayej, Caroleen, and McSherry, Patrice, and Ramón Sánchez, José, eds. The Iraq Papers. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Gerges, Fawaz A. ISIS: A History. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.

Gordon, Joy. Invisible War: The United States and the Iraq Sanctions. Cambridge, MA; London, England: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Ricks, Thomas E. Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq. New York, NY: The Penguin Press, 2006.

Sassoon, Joseph. The Iraqi Refugees: The New Crisis in the Middle East. London, England; New York, NY: I. B. Tauris, 2011.

Shadid, Anthony. Night Draws Near: Iraq's People in the Shadow of America's War. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2005.

Tripp, Charles. A History of Iraq. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002.