Supplemental Materials

Westward Expansion: A New History

Westward Expansion: A New History explores the transformation of the North American continent in the nineteenth century. Students examine this complicated and violent history through two lenses, first considering the major events and policies that accompanied U.S. westward growth, and then exploring the effects of U.S. expansion on a local level.

Online Resources from the Choices Program

Graphic Organizers

Powerpoint Maps
Includes twelve maps that are used in the readings and lessons.

Online Lessons

U.S. Westward Expansion Through Maps

Analyzing the Portrayal of Westward Expansion

Web Links

Shadows at Dawn
The website for the book Shadows at Dawn by Karl Jacoby. The site includes photographs, a timeline, maps, primary source documents, and additional lesson plans related to the Camp Grant attack and the history of southern Arizona.

National Archives: Exploration and Westward Expansion
The topics page for all National Archives materials on westward expansion, including many photographs and primary source documents.

Library of Congress: "Immigration, American Expansion" collections
This page has links to all of the Library of Congress' collections relating to westward expansion, including documents and primary source materials.

PBS: We Shall Remain
The homepage of "We Shall Remain," a mini-series that aired on PBS American Experience in April 2009 and explores Native American experiences of U.S. expansion. The site includes full episodes, as well as additional video and audio resources.


Calloway, Colin G. (ed). Our Hearts Fell to the Ground: Plains Indian Views of How the West was Lost (Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press, 1996). 208 pages.

Jacoby, Karl. Shadows at Dawn: An Apache Massacre and the Violence of History (New York: Penguin Books, 2008). 278 pages.

Prucha, Francis Paul (ed). Documents of United States Indian Policy, 3rd ed. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000). 377 pages.

White, Richard. It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own: A New History of the American West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991). 634 pages.