Geography

Afghanistan

The United States in Afghanistan

Students grapple with questions regarding the involvement of the United States in Afghanistan by exploring Afghanistan’s culture and history and then examining the events that led to the Soviet invasion, the arrival of Osama bin Laden, and the situation today.
Brazil

Brazil: A History of Change

The largest South American country has an often surprising and overlooked history. In this unit, students see Brazil as a unique, dynamic country with an important history, diverse culture, and its own path of development.
China

China on the World Stage: Weighing the U.S. Response

Students explore the history of Western relations with China and consider the global effects of China's economic growth, societal transformation, and increasing international involvement.
Climate Change

Climate Change and Questions of Justice

Students examine the causes and effects of global warming and delve into questions of who is most responsible for and vulnerable to the changing climate. Students also grapple with how to respond to climate change in ways that are both effective and fair.
Colonization in Africa

Colonization and Independence in Africa

Students explore Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and consider the changes colonialism imposed on African governments, economies, and societies. Students consider the ways Africans responded to European colonialism.
Cuba

History, Revolution, and Reform: New Directions for Cuba

Students trace Cuba’s history from the country’s precolonial past to its most recent economic, social, and political changes. Students re-create the discussions Cubans on the island are having about their country’s future.
Immigration

Immigration and the U.S. Policy Debate

Students explore the history of immigration to the United States and current U.S. immigration policy in the Trump era as they consider the complexities of U.S. immigration policy and prepare to articulate their own views about this issue.
Indian Independence

Indian Independence and the Question of Partition

Students examine the history leading up to the British withdrawal from the Indian subcontinent in 1947 and the legacies of partition that remain today.
International Trade

International Trade in a Globalized World

Students explore the controversies surrounding international trade and consider the issues that affect trade including globalization in the United States and abroad.
Mexico

Between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads

Students explore Mexico's economic and cultural transformation and probe Mexico's complex identity and history, coming face-to-face with the difficult policy choices confronting the people of Mexico today.
Middle East

The Middle East: Questions for U.S. Policy

Students examine oil and geopolitics, issues between the Palestinians and Israel, the significance of the Iranian Revolution, and other issues that have shaped U.S. relations in the region.
Nigeria

Nigeria: History, Identity, and Change

Students explore Nigeria’s history—from the precolonial to the present—and consider the future of Africa's most populous country.
Russia

Russia’s Transformation: Challenges for U.S. Policy

Students survey the economic issues and political developments that have shaped the outlook of policymakers in the Kremlin and Washington, D.C.
South Africa

Freedom in Our Lifetime: South Africa’s Struggle

Students examine the history of South Africa and the development of a race-based society, the effects of apartheid, and the use of violence by some members of the anti-apartheid community.
Turkey

Empire, Republic, Democracy: 
Turkey’s Past and Future

Students trace the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the struggle for independence, and Turkish resistance against European imperialism.
United Nations

The United Nations: Challenges and Change

Students consider the record of the United Nations since its founding and examine the UN’s role in the world through an evaluation of three areas of UN work: the Security Council, peacekeeping, and human rights.
Westward Expansion

Westward Expansion: A New History

Students explore the transformation of North America in the nineteenth century and probe this complicated and violent history, considering the major events and policies that accompanied U.S. growth and the effects at a local level.
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