World History

Afghanistan

The United States in Afghanistan

Students grapple with questions regarding the involvement of the U.S. in Afghanistan by exploring Afghanistan’s culture and history and then examining the events that led to the Soviet invasion, the arrival of Osama bin Laden, and the situation today.
Brazil

Brazil: A History of Change

The largest South American country has an often surprising and overlooked history. In this unit, students see Brazil as a unique, dynamic country with an important history, diverse culture, and its own path of development.
Colonization in Africa

Colonization and Independence in Africa

Students explore Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and consider the changes colonialism imposed on African governments, economies, and societies. Students consider the ways Africans responded to European colonialism.
Cuba

History, Revolution, and Reform: New Directions for Cuba

Students trace Cuba’s history from the country’s precolonial past to its most recent economic, social, and political changes. Students re-create the discussions Cubans on the island are having about their country’s future.
French Revolution

The French Revolution

Students trace the history of France during this epoch and explore France's political and social organization, as well as its competition for empire, its financial crises, and the efforts to reshape French society.
Haitian Revolution

The Haitian Revolution

Students trace the development of the American colonial world and one of the greatest wealth-producing colonies in world history. They consider the groups involved in the conflict and reflect on the legacies of one of the most successful revolts of enslaved people in history.
Indian Independence

Indian Independence and the Question of Partition

Students examine the history leading up to the British withdrawal from the Indian subcontinent in 1947 and the legacies of partition that remain today.
Iranian Revolution

The Iranian Revolution

Students trace the history of Iran from its early dynasties to the present and explore Iran’s cultural history, its efforts to establish a representative democracy, and the role the great powers played in shaping events in Iran.
Iraq

A Global Controversy: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq

Readings and activities explore the history of Iraq, help students understand events surrounding the U.S.-led invasion, and examine the effects of the war on Iraq, the United States, and the international community.
Mexico

Between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads

Students explore Mexico's economic and cultural transformation and probe Mexico's complex identity and history, coming face-to-face with the difficult policy choices confronting the people of Mexico today.
Middle East

The Middle East: Questions for U.S. Policy

Students examine oil and geopolitics, issues between the Palestinians and Israel, the significance of the Iranian Revolution, and other issues that have shaped U.S. relations in the region.
Nigeria

Nigeria: History, Identity, and Change

Students explore Nigeria’s history—from the precolonial to the present—and consider the future of Africa's most populous country.
Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution

Students explore the events leading up to Lenin and the Bolsheviks' assumption of power. They examine the political and economic conditions that led to the fall of the Tsar and the competing political ideologies in revolutionary-era Russia.
South Africa

Freedom in Our Lifetime: South Africa’s Struggle

Students examine the history of South Africa and the development of a race-based society, the effects of apartheid, and the use of violence by some members of the anti-apartheid community.
Turkey

Empire, Republic, Democracy: 
Turkey’s Past and Future

Students trace the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the struggle for independence, and Turkish resistance against European imperialism.
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