In this lesson students learn and apply basic musical terminology and analyze the music and lyrics of a Brazilian song.
How do Brazilians remember their history and what do they want for their future?
Second edition. July 2019.
Brazil is the largest country in South America and plays an increasingly important role in the world, yet for many it remains an exotic, far away place. Brazil: A History of Change draws students into an often surprising and overlooked history. Like the United States, Brazil was colonized, gained its independence, and eventually overshadowed its colonizer. Like the United States, Brazil is a country of immigrants with a history of slavery that shaped its growth and affects it to the present day. Brazil: A History of Change gives students an overview of Brazil’s history and traces its legacies through the present. Part I focuses on the colonial era and the role of slavery and abolition in shaping Brazil. Part II examines the birth of the republic, the vast influx of immigrants, and the era of military rule. Part III explores how Brazilians have defined their democracy after military rule.
The Geography of BrazilStudents familiarize themselves with Brazil and its neighbors, significant cities, and landmarks on a map. They then work together to explore images of Brazil and identify issues and themes for inquiry.
Reading History: Slavery in BrazilStudents use primary sources to develop an understanding of the institution of slavery in colonial Brazil and issues of race within the Brazilian empire.
The Brazilian Flag and the RepublicStudents analyze proposed versions of Brazil's national flag and consider various viewpoints about Brazil's future.
Film Analysis: Repression and Resistance During Military RuleAfter watching a documentary about a family's experience of repression, resistance, and torture during Brazil's military dictatorship, students consider how personal stories contribute to historical understanding.
The Options Role PlayStudents work cooperatively using primary sources to present three options Brazilians debated in 1984 about the future of democracy in their country.
Racial Identity in BrazilStudents examine a Brazilian painting, the racial categories in the 1976 and 1990 Brazilian censuses, and consider issues of racial and ethnic identity in Brazil.
Get to Know Influential BraziliansStudents gain familiarity with the lives, ideas, and aspirations of a range of Brazilians from various historical eras and analyze their ideas and actions in their historical context.
Assessment Using DocumentsStudents analyze primary and secondary sources and then answers questions about Brazil's Amnesty Law of 1979, the work of its National Truth Commission between 2011-2014, and the lingering effects of Brazil's military dictatorship.
A slideshow of the images used in the lesson "Geography of Brazil."
A slideshow of the flags used in the lesson “The Brazilian Flag in the Republic.”
A documentary film analyzed in the lesson "Repression and Resistance During the Military Dictatorship."
"What were the outcomes of Brazil’s National Truth Commission?” answered by Professor Anthony Pereira
Additional reference material for added context and support.
Cardoso, Fernando Henrique. The Accidental President of Brazil: A Memoir. New York: Public Affairs, 2007.
Dunn, Christopher. Brutality Garden: Tropicália and the Emergence of a Brazilian Counterculture. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
Green, James N. We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010
Green, James N., Victoria Langland, and Lilia Moritz Schwarcz. The Brazil Reader: Politics, History and Culture. 2nd ed. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017.
Lesser, Jeffrey. Immigration, Ethnicity, and National Identity in Brazil, 1808 to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Skidmore, Thomas E. Brazil: Five Centuries of Change. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Weinstein, Barbara. The Color of Modernity: São Paulo and the Making of Race and Nation in Brazil. Durham; London: Duke University Press, 2015.