Why did Iran become an Islamic republic in 1979?
Fourth edition. July 2019.
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In 1978, millions of Iranians risked their lives to protest against the shah. Marching in the streets, Iranians sought to end repressive rule, bring justice and opportunity, and rid Iran of the influence of foreign powers—particularly the United States. But Iranians were not unified about how to achieve these goals, nor were they sure what kind of government they wanted. With the departure of the shah in January 1979, a tremendous struggle began for the future of Iran. The Iranian Revolution traces the history of Iran to this period of debate and uncertainty. Students explore Iran’s cultural history, its efforts to establish a representative democracy early in the twentieth century, and the role the great powers played in shaping events in Iran. A central activity helps students recreate the debate Iranians had about their own future in 1979. The reading concludes with a survey of the Islamic Republic of Iran since 1979. The unit is divided into three parts. Each part includes:
- Student readings
- Accompanying study guides, graphic organizers, and key terms
Lessons aligned with the readings that develop analytical skills and can be completed in one or more periods
- Videos that feature leading experts
This unit also includes an Options Role Play as the key lesson and additional synthesis lessons that allow students to synthesize new knowledge for assessment. You do not need to use the entire unit; feel free to select what suits your classroom needs.