Students trace the history of France during this epoch and explore France’s political and social organization, as well as its competition for empire, its financial crises, and the efforts to reshape French society.
Students survey the economic issues and political developments that have shaped the outlook of policymakers in the Kremlin and Washington, D.C.
This is a major, must-have overhaul and replacement for this popular unit. Students explore the events leading up to Lenin and the Bolsheviks’ assumption of power; the political and economic conditions that led to the fall of the Tsar; and the competing political ideologies in revolutionary-era Russia.
Students trace the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the struggle for independence, and Turkish resistance against European imperialism.