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This one-week institute will take place July 12-16, 2021, at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island.

Monday, July 12, 2021: A Framework for Teaching about War: Origins and Causes, First Person Experiences, Historical Memory

Key Thematic Questions

  1. How should we teach the origins and causes of wars?
  2. What is the civic importance of historical memory?

9 am: Welcome and Housekeeping (Professor Naoko Shibusawa, Maureen Stephens)

9:30 am: Overview of Implementation Plan (Stephens)

10:15 am: Director Keynote: War in American History (Shibusawa)

  • Readings:
    • “Approaching the Study of American Foreign Relations,” in Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, Vol. 2, eds. Dennis Merrill, Thomas Paterson (2010).
    • Kurt Piehler, “War and Memory,” in At War: The Military and American Culture in the Twentieth Century and Beyond, eds. David Kieran and Edwin Martini (2018).

1 pm: Faculty Presentation: Teaching with Historical Memory (Scholar TBA)

  • Readings:
    • Kirk Savage, “Introduction,” in Monument Wars: Washington, D.C., the National Mall, and the Transformation of the Memorial Landscape (2009), 1-22.

2:30 pm: Practicum: Using Archives and Special Collections in Your Teaching, The John Hay Library  (Head of Special Collections Instruction Heather Cole)

4:30-5 pm: Small Group Work and Consultations on Implementation Plan

Tuesday, July 13, 2021: The “Good War”: Remembering World War II

Key Thematic Questions

  1. Why did soldiers enlist and fight?
  2. What motivated soldiers of different backgrounds to participate in the war?

9 am: Faculty Presentation: World War II at home and abroad (Scholar TBA)

  • Readings:
    • John Bodnar, “Soldiers Write the War” in The “Good War” in American Memory (2010), 34-59.
    • Robert S. Burrell, “Making Heroes into Legends” in Ghosts of Iwo Jima (2006), 129-156.
    • Leisa D. Meyer, “‘What Has Become of the Manhood of America?’ Creating a Woman’s Army” and “Ain’t Misbehavin’? The Slander Campaign against the WAC” in Creating G.I. Jane: Sexuality and Power in the Women’s Army Corps During World War II (1996).

10:30 am: Faculty Presentation: The Double-V Campaign Challenges Jim Crow: World War II (Professor Françoise N. Hamlin)

  • Readings:
    • Selections from: Yemisi Jimoh and Françoise Hamlin, eds., These Truly Are the Brave: An Anthology of African American Writings on War and Citizenship (2015), part 3.

1 pm: Practicum: Teaching with First Person Sources on World War II from the Choices Program curriculum unit Japanese American Incarceration in World War II (Stephens, Shibusawa)

3 pm: Historical Memory: Commemorating World War II with the Choices Program (Stephens)

4:30-5 pm: Small Group Work and Consultations on Implementation Plan

Wednesday, July 14, 2021: The Vietnam War: Remembering it From All Sides

Key Thematic Questions

  1. Who served in the Vietnam War?
  2. How did the war’s portrayal in popular culture affect historical memory of the war?

9 am: Director Presentation: The Vietnam War at Home and Abroad (Shibusawa)

  • Readings:
    • David L. Anderson, “No More Vietnams: Historians Debate the Policy Lessons of the Vietnam War,” in The War that Never Ends: New Perspectives on the Vietnam War, eds. David L. Anderson and John Ernst (2007).
    • Kara Dixon Vuic, “Look, but Don’t Touch: Sexuality and Entertainment in the Vietnam War” in The Girls Next Door: Bringing the Home Front to the Front Lines (2019).

10 am: Faculty Presentation: How First Person Accounts Shape Historical Understanding (Professor Christian Appy)

  • Readings:
    • Excerpt from Christian Appy, Working-Class War: American Combat Soldiers and Vietnam (1993).
    • Excerpts from Christian Appy, Patriots: The Vietnam War Remembered from All Sides (2004).
    • Selections from:
      • Michael, Bellesiles, ed., A People’s History of the U.S. Military: Ordinary Soldiers Reflect on Their Experience of War, from the American Revolution to Afghanistan (2013).
      • Andrew Carroll, ed., War Letters: Extraordinary Correspondence from American Wars (2002).
      • Bernard Edelman, ed., Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam (1985).

1:30 pm: Practicum: Teaching Historical Memory in and out of the Classroom, Visit to Providence Memorial Park and Memorial Sites at Brown University (Appy, Stephens)

  • Readings:
    • Kurt Piehler, “Remembering the War to End All Wars,” in Unknown Soldiers: The American Expeditionary Forces in Memory and Remembrance, ed. Mark A. Snell (2008).
    • Kristin Ann Hass, “Forgetting the Remembered War at the Korean War Veterans’ Memorial,” in Sacrificing Soldiers on the National Mall (2013).

 4:30-5 pm: Small Group Work and Consultations on Implementation Plan

7 pm: Optional Practicum: Teaching Vietnam War Historical Memory through Film (Kevin Hoskins, Stephens)

  • Readings:
    • Excerpt from Christian Appy, American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity (2016).
    • Stewart O’Nan, “The First Wave of Major Films” and “The Second Wave of Major Films,” in Stewart O’Nan, The Vietnam Reader: The Definitive Collection of American Fiction and Nonfiction on the War (1998).

Thursday, July 15, 2021: The Long War: Iraq and Afghanistan

Key Questions

  • How has military service changed in the era of “long wars”?
  • How can we teach about ongoing conflicts in a politicized environment?

9 am: Director Presentation: Origins and Causes, Political Controversy and the Challenges (Shibusawa)

  • Readings:
    • Susan A. Brewer, “Operation Iraqi Freedom,” in Why America Fights: Patriotism and War Propaganda from the Philippines to Iraq (2009).
    • Michael A. Reynolds, “The Wars’ Entangled Roots: Regional Realities and Washington’s Vision,” in Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, ed. Beth Bailey (2015).

10 am: Practicum: Teaching Controversial Issues: Roleplaying the Debate over Whether to Invade Iraq (Stephens)

  • Readings:
    • Hess, Diana. “Teaching Controversial Issues: An Introduction.” Social Education (2018).
    • Lo, Jane C. “Can We Do This Every Day?” Engaging Students in Controversial Issues through Role-Play. Social Education (2018).

1 pm: Faculty Presentation: The Costs of War (Professor Stephanie Savell)

  • Readings:
    • Selections from:
      • Andrew Carroll, ed., Operation Homecoming: Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Home Front, in the Words of U.S. Troops and Their Families, updated edition (2008).
      • Michael, Bellesiles, ed., A People’s History of the U.S. Military: Ordinary Soldiers Reflect on Their Experience of War, from the American Revolution to Afghanistan (2013).
    • Excerpts from Morton G. Ender, American Soldiers in Iraq (2009).
    • Excerpts from Ann Jones, They Were Soldiers: How the Wounded Return from America’s Wars: The Untold Story (2014).

3 pm: Practicum: Creating Oral Histories: Personal Stories as Historical Sources (Stephens, Savell)

  • Readings:
    • Excerpts from Christine Dumaine Leche, Outside the Wire: American Soldiers’ Voices from Afghanistan (2013).
    • Excerpts from Jim Lommason, Exit Wounds: Soldiers’ Stories―Life after Iraq and Afghanistan (2015).
    • Nancy Sherman, “From Soldier to Civilian,” in The Untold War: Inside the Hearts, Minds, and Souls of Our Soldiers (2011).

4:30-5 pm: Small Group Work and Consultations on Implementation Plan

Friday, July 16, 2021: Putting the Three-Part Framework into Action

9 am: Practicum: Recap of the framework, expectations for the day (Stephens, Shibusawa)

9:30 am: Group Work: Finalize Drafts of Implementation Plans (Shibusawa, Stephens, Hoskins, Susannah Bechtel, Andrew Blackadar)

Using the provided readings and primary source documents (see Appendix B) from a U.S. war— including the Civil War, the late-nineteenth century “Indian Wars,” the U.S.-Philippine War (1898-1902), World War I, and the Korean War—participants will develop implementation plans based on the institute’s three-part framework model.

1-3 pm: Practicum: Presentations and Feedback on Group Work (Shibusawa, Stephens, Bechtel, Blackadar, Hoskins)

3:30 pm: Evaluation and Next Steps (Stephens)

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