Geography

Between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads

Between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads involves students in Mexico's wrenching economic and cultural transformation. The unit probes Mexico's complex identity and history and brings students face-to-face with the difficult policy choices confronting the people of Mexico today.

Brazil: A History of Change

Brazil: A History of Change helps students see Brazil as a unique, dynamic country with an important history, diverse culture, and its own path of development.

China on the World Stage: Weighing the U.S. Response

China on the World Stage: Weighing the U.S. Response focuses attention on the United States' evolving relationship with China. Students explore the history of Western relations with China and consider the global impact of China's economic growth, societal transformation, and increasing international involvement.

Climate Change and Questions of Justice

Climate Change and Questions of Justice explores the causes and effects of global warming and delves into questions of who is most responsible for and vulnerable to the changing climate. Students grapple with how to respond to climate change at local, national, and international levels in ways that are both effective and fair.

Colonization and Independence in Africa

Colonization and Independence in Africa helps students explore Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and consider the changes colonialism imposed on African governments, economies, and societies. Students then consider African resistance to colonialism and examine the experiences of Africans in four case studies.

Empire, Republic, Democracy: 
Turkey’s Past and Future

Empire, Republic, Democracy: Turkey’s Past and Future traces the final years of the Ottoman Empire and the history of the Turkish Republic. Students explore the legacies of Atatürk’s sweeping reforms and then grapple with the same questions and challenges facing people in Turkey today.

Freedom in Our Lifetime: South Africa’s Struggle

Freedom in Our Lifetime: South Africa's Struggle explores the history of South Africa and the development of a race-based society, the effects of apartheid on individuals and society, and the decision by some members of the anti-apartheid community to use violence to oppose the government's policies.

History, Revolution, and Reform: New Directions for Cuba

History, Revolution, and Reform: New Directions for Cuba traces Cuba’s history from the country’s precolonial past to its most recent economic, social, and political changes. Students re-create the discussions Cubans on the island are having about their country’s future.

Immigration and the U.S. Policy Debate

Immigration and the U.S. Policy Debate helps students examine the historical and current dimensions of immigration, a topic that has become a key focus of U.S. policy. Through readings and activities, students explore past immigration laws and consider different policy options for the future.

Indian Independence and the Question of Partition

Indian Independence and the Question of Partition examines the history leading up to the British withdrawal from the Indian subcontinent in 1947 and the legacies of partition that remain today. Readings and activities explore the era of British colonialism, Indian campaigns for independence, and the political debates between Indian groups and the British leading up to partition.

International Trade in a Globalized World

International Trade in a Globalized World helps students explore the controversies surrounding international trade. Students consider the issues that affect trade including globalization in the United States and abroad.

Nigeria: History, Identity, and Change

Nigeria: History, Identity, and Change invites students to explore Nigeria’s history—from the precolonial to the present—and think about what the country’s future might look like.

Russia’s Transformation: Challenges for U.S. Policy

Russia's Transformation: Challenges for U.S. Policy helps students consider the U.S. relationship with Russia and its neighbors. Students survey the economic issues and political developments that have shaped the outlook of policymakers in the Kremlin and Washington.

The Middle East: Questions for U.S. Policy

The Middle East: Questions for U.S. Policy draws students into the U.S. policy debate on one of the world's most important regions. Students examine the role of oil in geopolitics, the issues between Israel and the Palestinians, the significance of the Iranian Revolution, and other historical issues that have shaped U.S. relations in the region.

The United Nations: Challenges and Change

The United Nations: Challenges and Change helps students consider the record of the United Nations since its founding. Students examine the UN’s role in the world through an evaluation of three areas of UN work: the Security Council, peacekeeping, and human rights.

The United States in Afghanistan

The United States in Afghanistan brings students into the policy debate about the U.S. presence in Afghanistan. Students begin by exploring Afghanistan’s culture and history, and then examine the events that led to the Soviet invasion, the arrival of Osama bin Laden, and the situation today.

Westward Expansion: A New History

Westward Expansion: A New History explores the transformation of the North American continent in the nineteenth century. Students examine this complicated and violent history through two lenses, first considering the major events and policies that accompanied U.S. westward growth, and then exploring the effects of U.S. expansion on a local level.
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