Philip Brenner is a professor of international relations and the former director of the U.S. foreign policy field at the School of International Service at American University. He received his BA from Columbia University and his MA and PhD from Johns Hopkins University. He specializes in the U.S. foreign policy process with an emphasis on Congress, and in U.S. policy toward Latin America. He has published widely on U.S.-Cuba relations, on U.S. policy towards Central America, and on the Cuban Missile Crisis. He most recently co-edited A Contemporary Cuba Reader: Reinventing the Revolution (Rowman and Littlefield, 2007). Brenner is a member of the Advisory Board of the National Security Archive, and has been a staff member in Congress and on the editorial boards of several journals. He was recently elected to the Executive Committee of the Latin American Studies Association, Cuba Section.