Meltem Toksöz is an associate professor of history and the director of the Center for Asian Studies at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul. Her research interests include Ottoman social, economic, and legal history, modern South Asian history, and Middle Eastern history. She received her PhD in Ottoman history from State University of New York, Binghamton in 2001. Her publications include Nomads, Migrants and Cotton in the Eastern Mediterranean: The Making of the Adana-Mersin Region in the Ottoman Empire, 1850-1908 (E.J. Brill Publications, 2010). She is the co-editor of Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottoman Times to the Present (I.B.Tauris, 2010).